In the mid-1700’s, early settlers cleared the land to begin building their lives with timber built furniture and fences. Today, wood fences continue to sprinkle the Aussie landscape.
Timber fence panels that are frequently sold for fencing projects contain characteristics like gum veins, wane, knots, want, and minor insect damage. It also has featured in domestic timber movements, that naturally include twisting, cupping, etc.
Timber fences are available in many forms, which includes picket, traditional paling, post, and railing. A fence serves many different functions, such as privacy, security, and defines property boundaries. Timber species is rated by four classes of durability for both in ground installation and outside above ground use.
Wood species are rated into four classes of strength for in-ground contact use and four classes of durability for outside above ground use, with Class 1 rated as the most durable and Class 4 the least durable. Traditionally, timber fencing timber should be chosen from these class types. However, their rating is based on the testing of stakes and poles embedded in the ground and on historical use. For each of the four classes, there is a service life range, where above ground ranges will be different from the in-ground contact ranges.
Timber fences are chosen in hardwood and softwood strengths, with a certification by the Australian Timber Industry Certification Organization (“ATIC”). Hardwood timber species stem from broad-leafed trees that bear seeds, and softwood varieties are coniferous or have needle-like leaves.
Timber for fencing is highly recommended in the following species:
1. Pinelap Fencing: Pinelap timber fences provide excellent sound absorption, they are long wearing, and they provide a privacy design.
They can be installed with palings, plus they can be left looking natural, or they can be painted. Pinelaps make a very solid fence with their rustic look, their treated pine paling and rail characteristics.
2. Brushwood Fencing: This order of timber fencing is used vastly throughout Australia. It has an average lifespan of 10 to 15 years and is maintenance free. Brushwood timber contains an oil content that is a natural protection from ants, spiders, and other insects. Brushwood timber is also great for blocking out extraneous noises, which makes it a great choice for residential properties. It is a durable wood that performs well against windy and openly exposed locations.
3. Jarrah Fencing: Jarrah timber is a hardwood species that has a rough bark, and it is very versatile with its different types of fencing applications. It is Western Australia’s most famous timber tree due to its course texture, with its straight and some interlocked grain features. The heartwood varies from reds to browns, with sapwood that is a distinguishable pale yellow. It is a Class 2 timber that is used in fencing because of its durability.
4. Homestead: Many Australian boundaries in rural and semi-rural areas are dotted with post and rail timber fencing. There are different options of hardwood homestead timber for the post and rail fences, such as Cypress, Treated Pine, Creosote, White Mahogany, Stringybark, Iron Bark and more. Traditional post and rail timber fences have one to three rails, which means that they can be paired together for added length. Post and rail timber species are highly favored for their flexibility to follow any length contour of any landscape.